п»їHow can a health practitioner aid behaviour enhancements made on an individual having a health-risk actions?
Health practitioners enjoy an essential part in facilitating behaviour enhancements made on individuals that display health risk behaviours. Health practitioners are exposed to the aftermath of risky well being behaviours each day. Leading a lifestyle full of health risk behaviors is the most prevalent cause of loss of life and disease within many countries. For instance , smoking is a significant modifiable behaviour within Australia that is known to immediately cause a large number of forms of Malignancy, cardiovascular disease as well as the degeneration with the body. Health practitioners should promote good health behaviors such as the cessation of cigarette smoking through allowing individuals to increase their control over their very own health (Sinclair, J. Wk 7, LA, Slide 3).
In order to facilitate behavioural change in an individual using a health risk behaviour just like smoking, health practitioners need to consider the people's current overall health status, including their physical, mental, and social well being (Walker, J, Payne, S, Smith, S, and Jarrett, N. 2007. p2), and also their current lifestyle, such as low income family (stressed), and/or poorly educated (lack of knowledge of how to quit etc). The implementation of a вЂtheory of actions change' or possibly a 'behavioural transform model' will help in the correct and individualized process of conduct and way of life modification.
Implementing a theory of behaviour change into the behaviour change process works better in achieving the modified behaviour more effective as they provide an understanding and determine the causes of high-risk behaviours eg. " Smoking is self-medication against anxiety and stressвЂќ (Walker, M. Ch9, p197), and in turn also provide models intended for the prevention of these types of risky behaviours. (Barkway, 2009, p2). Without professional assistance it is often harder to quit smoking as know-how is not necessarily вЂsufficient to make changes in behaviour' (Sinclair, J. Week a few Lecture A, Slide 17). Transferring the knowledge that cigarette smoking is extremely bad for your health, and the short and long-term effects of carrying on to smoke cigars, from know-how into action depends not only on external and internal factors like the individuals' environment, but as well factors just like their individual values, thinking, beliefs and motivation. (Sinclair, J. Week 5 Address A, Slide 17).
Doctors may facilitate the ukase of smoking in people by implementing the model of Health Actions Process Approach (HAPA). (Barkway, 2009. P141-142). This behavior modification theory highlights the role of self-efficacy, which will affects an individuals' purpose to change and the ability to alter with that. There are three or more phases of HAPA, the non-intentional phase, the intentional phase plus the action phase. A similar style that can be incorporated for facilitating smoking ukase is the Transtheoretical model. This behaviour transform model happens to be commonly adopted specifically for the cessation of smoking and also other addictive behaviors (Walker, J. Ch9, pg196). It further more breaks down the procedure into five stages; pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action and maintenance and acknowledges that relapses perform occur and views these kinds of as challenges for the individual to conquer as opposed to вЂfailing' at stopping.
In the HAPA model, the non-intentional phase of facilitating smoking cessation revolves around producing the people's intention to give up. At this period of the procedure the individual may possibly have not also considered stopping but it is the health practitioners responsibility within their health role to empower individuals towards better health, consequently encouraging thoughts about stopping. In comparison, the transtheoretical model follows the stage of pre-contemplation. The individuals involved are both in refusal that smoking cigarettes is a health-risk behaviour, they may be unmotivated to stop or they just not necessarily ready. (Barkway 2009....
Referrals: Barkway, S. (2009) Psychology for health professionals. Sydney: Elsevier
Brown, Janet M. (1996) Redefining smoking and the home as a non-smoker. Western Journal of Medical Research, volume level 18. four (1996) Recovered from http://find.galegroup.com.ezproxy2.acu.edu.au/gtx/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC=Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=AONE&docId=A18977795&source=gale&srcprod=AONE&userGroupName=acuni&version=1.0
Sinclair, M. (2010) HLSC 111 Person Health and Wellbeing.
Classes Wk six, LA, Slide 3 and Week your five LA, Slide 17
Master, J., Payne, S., Smith, P., & Jarrett, D. (2007). Psychology for Rns and the Qualified Professions (3rd ed) Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill
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